Monday, 13 April 2009

Pope Paul VI and Liturgical Renewal


The work that has been accomplished since the Second Vatican Council for the renewal of the Liturgy has been enormous and has been a profound spiritual enrichment in the lives of the people of God. The Reports read at the meeting for the Presidents and Secretaries of National Liturgical Commissions held in Rome in October 1984 to mark the twentieth anniversary of Sacrosanctum Concilium testify to this fact (1).

It is not surprising that in such an immense undertaking there should have been some negative aspects.  Pope Paul VI himself observed concerning those who have gone to excess that they: "are not very numerous, but they are very noisy" (2)

Our present day system of communications is beyond doubt extraordinary, but it also brings with it the effect that a small local event can appear of national or even international importance.  This has had the result in the liturgical field of sometimes giving on occasion an exaggerated importance to reports of liturgical abuses. It often happens that there is an excess of enthusiasm combined with an incommensurate understanding of the material. Often attempts are made to introduce in a celebration in a parish church something that was seen during a workshop or seminar, and sometimes happens that despite much good will the result is a minor disaster. Very few parishes have the necessary resources to implement all the desirable aspects of liturgical renewal. These resources need to be developped, in a word the perennial problem of formation.  What liturgists write about celebration, the worship experience and so on, not infrequently has no relation to the reality of average Sunday celebration.  

It is not out of place to recall that during his pontificate Pope Paul VI gained a reputation in some quarters as one who too often lamented the ills, not just of the liturgy but in every sphere of life and activity. It should, however, be recognised that the circumstances of those difficult post conciliar years made it inevitable that the Pope should draw attention to those matters about which needed correction or tendencies against which it was necessary to issue a word of caution.  
Now that thirty years have elapsed since his death it is an apt moment to draw attention to the discourses of Pope Paul VI on the implementation of the programme for the renewal of the Liturgy as initiated by the Second Vatican Council and the Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy Sacrosanctum Concilium. This short Article has only one purpose, namely to encourage the reader to look once again at the Addresses of Paul VI because in them it is possible to find an objective and balanced statement concerning renewal and to show that, as pope Paul pointed out so many years ago,  there is still much to be done to improve the quality of liturgical celebrations.

Attention is focused in the following pages to a discourse given by Pope Paul VI during a General Audience on August 22, 1973, and particularly to that part which could be called a "decalogue of suggestions" (3). The "decalogue" was "put together empirically" from the experiences and observations of those involved in pastoral work "in today's fields of the kingdom of God". The observations on each of part of the "decalogue" are where possible inspired by other discourses of Paul VI, since not only does this avoid giving might what might be interpreted as a tendentious commentary, but the interest in this present collection is in the words and work of Pope Paul VI.

I.  There must be a faithful, intelligent. and careful application of the liturgical reform promoted by the Council and particularized by the competent church authorities.  Whoever blocks it or slows it down without reason loses the providential opportunity for the revitalization and spread of the Catholic religion in our times. Whoever exploits the reform as a way of indulging in arbitrary experiments dissipates energy and outrages the sensus Ecclesiae.
Now is the hour for honouring in God's Church with good will and with unanimity that solemn lex orandi: reform of the liturgy.

The Council called the zeal for the promotion and restoration of the liturgy "a sign of the providential dispositions of God in our time, a movement of the Holy Spirit in the Church" (SC n. 43). Prudence and sensitivity are necessary but sometimes an over cautiousness and a delaying until a more opportune moment, can be as counter productive and cause as much harm as the opposite tendency. In his Consistorial Address of 24 May, 1976, Pope Paul VI returned to this subject with great clarity,  and in the light of the recent sad events concerning His Excellency Archbishop Lefebvre, these remarks have an even great poignancy:

"One extreme is made up of those who - claiming the strongest allegiance to the Church and the magisterium - reject and repudiate in practice the very principles of the Council and their subsequent application and reformation as well as the measured carrying out of these principles by the work of the Holy See and the conference of bishops under our Christ-given authority <...> They repudiate the authority of today in favour of that of another age." (4)

The other extreme to which Pope Paul VI drew attention in the same discourse concerned those who while believing themselves to be following the road opened by the Council but in fact have a one sided view:

"With equal firmness we repudiate the course of action taken by those who decide that they have the right to create a liturgy of their own, at times reducing the sacrifice of the Mass and the sacraments to a celebration of life or their own struggles, and to the status of a symbol of their own spirit of community." (5)

Few who read paragraph 3 of section 22 of Sacrosanctum Concilium twenty five years ago would have imagined how important was the statement "no other person, not even if he is a priest, may on his own add, remove, or change anything in the liturgy".
In the very first days of the implementation liturgical renewal, Pope Paul VI gave the following words of advice and encouragement, which when it is remembered that they were pronounced as early as January 1965 take on almost a prophetic character,

"It may well happen that the reforms will affect practices both dear to us and still worthy of respect; that the reforms will demand efforts that, at the outset, are a strain. But we must be devout and trusting <...> the authority of the Church teaches us and guarantees the soundness of the reforms..." (6)

lI. Always to be recommended is catechesis -philosophical, scriptural, theological, pastoral - on divine worship as the Church proclaims it today.  For prayer is not a blind feeling; it is the utterance of a soul enlightened by truth and impelled by  charity (ST 2a2ae,  83.1 ad 2).

Pope Paul VI had a profound realisation that prayer is the indispensable instrument of renewal. He also realized that it is not only the instrument it is also the concrete sign of renewal. Where the Church is alive, there is prayer. "Prayer" stated Paul VI "is the breath of the Mystical Body  <...> The Church is a community that prays ... the Church is before all else a society of worship; its most pressing concern is prayer".    One of the aims of the Council Pope Paul to those present at a General Audience was "to reawaken prayer among the people of God" (7). 
During the course of the meeting for the Presidents and Secretaries of National Liturgical Commissions (Rome, October 1984) the need for catechesis was frequently and sometimes forcefully underlined, "There is a crucial need for widespread and intensive liturgical formation of the laity and especially of priests".  It still remains an area which has to be given attention.

III. The voices of authority advise us in carrying out reform to exercise great caution with regard to the traditional religious practices of people; to guard against extinguishing religious sentiment in the course of giving it a new and more authentically spiritual expression. A sense for what is true, beautiful, simple, a sense of the community, and of tradition - always deserving respect - must rule over the outward manifestations of worship,  with a view to preserving the attachment of the people to them.

It is not without significance to recall that these words were pronounced fifteen years ago. There significance and indeed, urgency is ever more evident. From all parts of the world the desire is expressed for a development of the devotional life of the faithful. It is true that the liturgical renewal brought with it immense enrichment for the spiritual life of the people of God, but the Council itself and subsequent teaching of Paul VI never failed to underline that the liturgy does not meet all the spiritual requirements of the faithful, but that it should on the one hand inspire devotions and on the other reap the benefit of the devotional life of the faithful. 
The sense for what is true and beautiful is an important part of liturgical worship, there is still a need for what is sometimes described the "splendour of worship". There is still a place for the capacity to evoke a sense of wonderment, the first step on the road to contemplation. Many, especially young people want to learn of the Church's tradition of contemplative prayer, a prayer nourished by the Liturgy.

IV. The family must be the great school of devotion, of spirituality, of fidelity to religion.  The Church has deep trust in the sensitive, authoritative, irreplaceable activity of parents as religious teachers.

The new Book of Blessings opens with Order for the Blessing of Families. This is not just a chance ordering of the material but a recognition of the importance of the "Ecclesia domestica" (De Benedicitionibus n. 58). If the spirit of prayer is not present in the home it makes it more difficult to understand community prayer. It is in the home, at table and at other times that children can effectively learn to pray together and learn that prayer is an integral part of fullness of life. Parents have to take more responsibility for the religious formation of their children, this includes preparing them for the reception of the sacraments of Confirmation and Holy Communion.

V. The obligation to observe Sundays and holydays of obligation retains more than ever its fundamental importance. The Church has made concessions to make this observance possible. Anyone aware of the meaning and purpose of this precept of the Church must see it not simply as a basic duty, but as a right, a need,  an honour, an opportunity; no real and intelligent believer can, without grave reasons, refuse to fulfill it.

The Directory published by the Congregation for Divine Worship concerning Sunday celebrations in the absence of a priest underlines the importance of Sunday and seeks to foster community worship even when it is not possible to celebrate the Eucharist. The "coming together" on the Lord's Day, the assembling in the Lord's name even when the Eucharist cannot be celebrated is a way of maintain christian identity, and it cannot be forgotten that the Lord is always present when his followers gather in his name. 

Vl. The established community claims for itself the right to the presence of all its faithful.  Should some be permitted a certain autonomy in the practice of religion as distinct, homogeneous groups, they must retain the understanding of the Church's nature: it is a people, with one heart and one soul: it is even socially a unity; it is a Church.

Liturgically the Church is to be seen as the society of praise and worship. Within the unity of one heart and one soul there is always the reality of diversity. 

"The Church is a community that prays, a people singing praise and voicing their petitions, a people of God ... The Church is before else a society of worship; its most pressing concern is prayer" (8).

VIl. As it unfolds, a liturgical celebration, especially of the Mass, is always a very serious action.  lt must, then, be prepared and carried out with great care in its every detail, even the externals (as to gravity, dignity, schedule, duration, etc.,  the unfailing simplicity and sacredness of the spoken word). Here the ministers of worship have a grave responsibility in regard to their own performance and example.

This concern for detail was characteristic of Pope Paul VI. Those who knew him saw in him a man of exquisite courtesy and thoughtfulness. Concern for externals can be exaggerated and has little value if not accompanied by internal dispositions. It is however rare to find that where externals are neglected, interior dispositions are well cultivated. External discipline is a support and a safeguard for higher values. Reverence for the sacred mysteries will help create that sense of the "mystery of the presence of God" which some of the faithful feel is sometimes lacking. Care on the part of the priest and other ministers in the preparation and celebration of the liturgy is a mark of respect for, and a witness to the true spirit of service to the assembly who are gathered together in the Lord's name in the power of the Holy Spirit. On a practical level it can be said that standards in the assembly regarding every detail should not be lower than those accepted in other activity. To accept the responsibility.

VllI.Similarly, the assistance of the faithful must contribute to the worthy performance of worship: by their punctuality, orderliness, silence, above all their participation, the principal point of the liturgical reform.  All of this has been said before,  but how much remains be done.

It would sometimes appear that faults in the celebration of the liturgy are largely those of the clergy. Pope Paul VI has quite clearly indicated the responsibility of every individual member of the local community. The emphasis laid upon the participation of the faithful with reference to Sacrosanctum Concilium n. 14 is not without significance. At the very beginning of liturgical reform Pope Paul spoke quite unambiguously and firmly about the people's responsibility, even rebuking those who "betray a certain spiritual laziness, the refusal to make the personal effort toward understanding and participation...". Concerning the effort to be made the Pope stated,

"Before, it was enough to assist; now, it is necessary to take part. Before, being there was enough; now, attention and activity are required... The assembly becomes alive and active; taking part means allowing the soul to become attentive, to enter into the dialogue, to sing, to act. The unity of a community action, consisting not only of outward gestures but also of an inner movement of faith and devotion, invests the rite with a special power and beauty". (9)

How many of those who have complained about abuses have examined their consciences on this point. As Pope Paul VI remarked one of the important ideas that emerged from the Council in relation to spiritual formation was that of the "sense of community... the Church is communio. If you wish to be Christians, to be Catholics, to be the faithful, you can no longer forget this existential reality." (10).

IX. Prayer in its full meaning is to have two levels, the personal and the communal, as the liturgical norms have indicated.
There should be no conflict between prayer in common and prayer apart. In the Gospel the Lord taught the disciples of the need to go apart to a quiet place for prayer. It has happened that although there may be no conflict there has been some confusion
between prayer in common and prayer apart. Some have complained that during the Liturgy they have no time to express their inner sentiments to the Lord. The introduction of periods of sacred silence is not the answer to such a problem, since the purpose of such moments is not to give within the communal celebration a space for individual "private" prayer, but to evoke the spirit of prayer. 
Pope Paul already faced this issue in his discourse of 17 March 1965 when he drew attention to those matters which,

" give evidence of a degree of confusion and therefore of uneasiness. Until now people were comfortable; they could pray the way they wished ... Now on all sides there are new things, changes, surprises... in short, there is no more peace..." 

The key to the solution of these problems is given towards the end of the same discourse when Pope Paul spoke of the need for

"an awareness that there is a need to achieve simultaneously two spiritual acts: a genuine, personal participation in the rite, with all its implications of the essential in religion; communion with the assembly of the faithful, with the Ecclesia. The first of these acts is bent upon love for God; the second, upon love for neighbour. Thus the Gospel of love becomes a reality in the souls of our time. Therein truly lies something beautiful, new, great, full of light and hope" (11).

Pope Paul addressed this issue on several occasions and with a directness which leaves no room for doubt about his position concerning renewal, concerning communal and private prayer he said on another occasion of the need,

" to foster a spirit and practice of personal prayer. Without a genuine, intimate, continuous inner prayer-life in faith and charity we cannot keep ourselves Christians; we cannot profitably and wisely share in the flourishing liturgical renaissance" (12).

X. Singing: what a great problem!  But take heart: it is not insoluble. A new  epoch is beginning for sacred music. Many have called for the preservation in all nations of the Latin, Gregorian chant of the Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, and Agnus Dei.  May that be God's will. Then we can study what steps can be taken to achieve it.

There has existed and still exists a misunderstanding in many parts about the status of the use of latin in the liturgy. The Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy Sacrosanctum Concilium stated quite clearly that the use of the Latin language is to be preserved in the Latin rites (SC n. 36). The use of the vernacular was promoted by the same Constitution, nevertheless with the injunction that "steps should be taken enabling the faithful to say or sing together in Latin those parts of the Ordinary of the Mass belonging to them" (n. 54). It was this recommendation that Pope Paul VI was echoing in the tenth item of this decalogue. The equation of  the celebration of Mass in Latin with the "Tridentine Mass" can obscure the fact that Latin is still the language of the Church today and not something belonging to a former time.  A Mass sung in Latin with the ancient Gregorian Chants is still a normal part of the Church's liturgical life and indeed still occurs every day in many parts of the world.
A study of the plainsong melodies would be a valid means to gaining insight into the relationship between text and melody. The most perfect examples of plainsong show how the melody is completely at the service of the text. An interesting example is the Introit for Easter Sunday "Resurrexi". Some may think that the Easter morning celebration should open with a Fanfare or a tune which proclaims to the ends of the earth the victory of Christ. The ancient plainsong melody, on the contrary, is meditative and calm, suggesting the rising from the sleep of death, refreshed with new life. Of course other insights are possible and legitimate, but the patrimony of sacred music is also a didactic heritage and not just a collection or witness to former liturgical practice.
Discourses and Directives about Sacred Music are not lacking, but in a society in which music, especially among the young, occupies a significant place, it is surprising how many parishes have little singing. 
The Holy Spirit who raised up musicians in the past can and will do the same in the Church today. This, however, requires that we work with the Holy Spirit and provide the means and occasions for formation.

So many things: yet how beautiful they are and ultimately how simple. If they are carried out,  what power their new outpouring upon the community of the faithful would have to bring about in the Church and in the world the longed for  religious renewal.

Pope Paul VI was very conscious of the ecclesial dimension of prayer, for him a strong, living prayer life was inseparable from the sensus Ecclesiae. He urged the faithful to "pray with the Church and for the Church". The exhortations of Paul VI are as relevant today as when first pronounced. If this present short paper has aroused an interest in turning once again to examine the addresses of Pope Paul VI it will have achieved the purpose for which it was undertaken.


(1) Congregazione per il Culto Divino, Atti del Convegno dei Presidenti e Segretari delle Commissioni Nazionali di Liturgia Venti Anni di Riforma Liturgica Bilancio e Prospettive Città del Vaticano, 23-28 ottobre 1984 (Edizioni Messagero Padova 1986).
(2)   AAS 68 (1976) 369-378
(3) The text can be found in Notitiae  (=NOT) 9 (1973) 297-300 and in L'Osservatore Romano 23 agosto 1973. An English translation can be found in Documents on the Liturgy 1963-1979 Conciliar, Papal, and Curial Texts The Liturgical Press, Collegeville Minnesota (1982).
(4) As in n. (2)
(5) As in n. (2)
(6) General Audience 13 January 1965 L'Osservatore Romano 14 gen 1965
(7) General Audience 3 November 1971 in NOT 7 (1971) 377-378
(8) General Audience 3 November 1971 in NOT 7 (1971) 377-378.
(9) General Audience 17 March 1965 L'Osservatore Romano 18 marzo 1965
(10) General Audience 2 June 1970 in NOT 6 (1970) 233-235
(11) General Audience 17 March 1965 L'Osservatore Romano 18 marzo 1965
(12) General Audience 20 August 1969 in NOT 5 (1969) 339-342; See also General Audience 22 April 1970 in NOT 6 (1970) 157-160;  General Audience 3 November 1971 in NOT 7 (1971) 377-378.
(13) NOT 9 (1973) 302-303

Liturgical Documents of Paul VI


It is well known that there are several good editions of both the documents of the Second Vatican Council and the subsequent curial and papal texts concerning the implementation of the conciliar decrees and directives, for which we are all immensely grateful to the editors, their collaborators and publishers. The area Liturgical documents has been well served in that in both latin and in translation well documented editions exist. Several liturgical reviews and journals provided an invaluable service in reproducing relevant texts as they appeared. The present list is simply intended to provide an overview of the documentation concerning the liturgy which appeared during the Pontificate of Pope Paul VI. In order not to give the appearance of favouring one edition rather than another of the various collections of documents that exist or citing one liturgical review rather than another, it has been decided to refer to the official publications of the Holy See:

Acta Apostolicae Sedis (= AAS)
L'Osservatore Romano (= OR)

An overview is essential brief and concise. This list which is primarily a tribute to Pope Paul VI.


1. Sacrosanctum Concilium de sacra liturgia.  (4-xii-1963) AAS 56 (1964) 97-138.
2. Pastorale munus  (30-xi-1963) AAS 56 (1964) 5-12.
3. Allocutio Pauli VI ad Patres conciliares (4-xii-1963) AAS 56 (1964) 31-40.


4. De ieiuio eucharistico (10-i-1964) AAS 56 (1964) 212.
5. E peregrinatione  (15-i-1964) AAS 56 (1964) 183-188.
6. Sacram Liturgiam  (25-i-1964) AAS 56 (1964) 139-144.
7. De labore a "Consilio" praestando (29-ii-1964) Segreteria di Stato di Sua Santita N. 18193; EDIL 8.  
8. Epistula "Consilii"  (25-iii-1964) EDIL 9.
9. Formula pro  S. Communione (25-iv-1964) AAS 56 (1964) 337-338.
10. Invocatio Spiritus Sancti (25-iv-1964)  AAS 56 (1964) 338.
11. "Inter Oecumenici" (26-ix-1964)  AAS 56 (1964) 877-900. 
12. De unica interpretatione textuum liturgicorum (16-x-1964) NOT 1 (1965) 195-196.
13. Allocutio Pauli VI ad "Consilium" (29-x-1964) AAS 56 (1964) 993-996.
14. Facultas sacerdotibus novensilibus tributa (5-xi-1964) AAS 56 (1964) 953.
15. Facultates Superioribus religiosis delegatae (6-xi-1964) AAS 59 (1967) 374-378. 
16. Lumen Gentium (21-xi-1964)  AAS 57 (1965) 5-71. 
17. Orientalium Ecclesiarum  (21-xi-1964) AAS 57 (1965) 76-89.
18. Unitatis redintegratio  (21-xi-1964) AAS 57 (1965) 90-112.
19. De ieiunio eucharistico (21-xi-1964) AAS 57 (1965) 186.
20. Kyriale simplex (14-xii-1964) AAS 57 (1965) 407.
21. Cantus in Missali Romano "Edita instructione" (14-xii-1964) AAS 57 (1965) 408.


22. De competentia SRC et "Consilii" (7-i-1965)  Segreteria di Stato di Sua Santità N. 36624. EDIL 23.
 23. Ordo Missae et ritus servandus in celebratione Missae (27-i-1965) AAS 57 (1965) 408-409.
 24. Investigabiles divitias Christi  (6-ii-l965) AAS 57 (1965) 298-301.
25. De oleo infirmorm (4-iii-1965) AAS 57 (1965) 409.
26. Ritus concelebrationis et Communionis sub utraque specie
(7-xi-1965) AAS 57 (1965) 410-412.
27. Variationes in Ordine Hebdomadae sanctae (7-iii-1965) AAS 57 (1965) 412-413.
28. De Evangelio Passionis Domini (25-iii-1965) AAS 57 (1965) 413-414.
29. De praefatione in Missa (27-iv-1965) Segreteria di Stato di Sua Santità N. 36624. EDIL 30.
30. De Propriis dioecesium et familiarum religiosarum
(1-vi-1965) NOT 1 (1965) 197-198.
31. De experimentis (15-vi-1965) NOT 1 (1965) 145.
32. Epistula "Consilii" (30-vi-1965) NOT 1 (1965) 257.
33. "Mysterium fidei" (3-ix-1965) AAS 57 (1965) 753-774.
34. De Missa vespere sabbati (25-ix-1965)  NOT 2 (1966) 14.
35. Christus Dominus  (28-x-1965) AAS 58 (1966) 673-701
36. Perfectae caritatis  (28-x-1965) AAS 58 (1966) 702-712.
37. Optatam totius  (28-x-1965) AAS 58 (1966) 713-717.
38. Gravissimum educationis  (28-x-1965)  AAS 58 (1966) 728-739.
39. Allocutio Pauli VI ad interpretes (l0-xi-1965) AAS 57 (1965) 967-970; NOT 1 (1965) 378-381.
40. Dei Verbum  (18-xi-1965) AAS 58 (1966) 817-835. 
41. Apostolicam actuositatem  (18-xi-1965) AAS 58 (1966) 837-864.
42. In edicendis normis  (23-xi-1965) AAS 57 (1965) 1010-1013; NOT 2 (1966) 84-87.
43. Ad gentes  (7-xii-1965) AAS 58 (1966) 947-990.
44. Presbyteriorum ordinis  (7-xii-1965) AAS 58 (1966) 990-1024.
45. Gaudium et spes  (17-xii-1965) AAS 58 (1966) 1025-1120.


46. Epistula Consilii  (25-i-1966) NOT 2 (1966) 157-161.
47. De editione librorum liturgicorum (27-i-1966) AAS 58 (1966) 169-171; NOT 2 (1966) 172-174.
48. Oratio Officio divino praemittenda (31-i-1966)  AAS 58 (1966) 332.
49. Peculiare ius  (8-ii-1966)  AAS 58 (1966) 119-122; NOT 2 (1966) 201-204.
50. De Communione in valetudinariis (14-ii-1966)  AAS 58 (1966) 525-526; NOT 2 (1966) 327.
51. Paenitemini  (17-ii-1966)  AAS 58 (1966) 177-198.
52. Matrimonii sacramentum  (18-iii-1966)  AAS 58 (1966) 235-239.
53. De participatione Missae festivae (19-iii-1966)  NOT 2 (1966) 185-189.
54. Declaratio communis Pauli VI et Michaelis Ramsey 
(24-iii-1966)  AAS 58 (1966) 286-287.
55. De Oratione communi seu fidelium. Natura, momentum et structura. Criteria atque specimena Coetibus territorialibus Episcoporum proposita  (Typis Polyglottis Vaticanis 1966) (17-iv-1966) 
56. Ecclesiae sanctae  (6-viii-1966)  AAS 58 (1966) 757-758 (Litt. Apostol.), 758-787 (Normae).
57. Sacrificium laudis  (15-viii-1966) NOT 2 (1966) 252-255.
58. Allocutio Pauli VI ad " Consilium " (13-x-1966)  AAS 58 (1966) 1145-1150; NOT 2 (1966) 297-303.
59. De inceptis liturgicis reprobandis (29-xii-1966) OR (5-i-1967) 1; NOT 3 (1967) 37-38.


60. Indulgentiarum doctrina  (1-i-1967)  AAS 59 (1967) 5-24.
61. De matrimoniis mixtis (22-ii-1967)  AAS 59 (1967) 165-166.
62. De Missa Tricenarii Gregoriani (24-ii-1967)  AAS 59 (1967) 229-230.
63. Musicam sacram  (5-iii-1967)   AAS 59 (1967)300-320; NOT 3 (1967) 87-105.
64. Allocutio Pauli VI ad " Consilium " (19-iv-1967)  AAS 59 (1967) 418-421; NOT 3 (1967) 121-125.
65. Tres abhinc annos  (4-v-1967)  AAS 59 (1967) 442-448; NOT 3 (1967) 169-194.
66. Signum magnum (13-v-1967)  AAS 59 (1967)465-475.
67. Directorium oecumenicum I "Ad totam Ecclesiam" (14-v-1967)  AAS 59 (1967) 574-592.
68. Variationes in Ordine Missae (18-v-1967) NOT 3 (1967) 195.
69. Eucharisticum mysterium (25-v-1967) AAS 59 (1967) 539-573; NOT 3 (1967) 225-260.
70. Sacrum diaconatus ordinem (18-vi-1967)  AAS 59 (1967) 697-704.
71. Epistula "Consilii" (21-vi-1967) NOT 3 (1967) 289-296.
72. De interpretatione Canonis Romani (10-vii-1967) NOT 3 (1967) 326-327.
73. Regimini Ecclesiae  (15-viii-1967)  AAS 59 (1967) 885-928. 
74. Graduale Simplex (3-ix-1967) NOT 3 (1967) 311.
75. Declaratio communis Pauli VI et Athenagorae I (28-x-1967)  AAS 59 (1967) 1054-1055.


76. De interpretatione  Gradualis simplicis (23-i-1968) NOT 4 (1968) 10.
77. Preces eucharisticae et praefationes (Typis Polyglottis Vaticanis 1968) (23-v-1968) NOT 4 (1968) 156 (Decretum); NOT 4 (1968)157-160 (Normae).
78. Epistula "Consilii" et indicationes de Precibus euccharisticis (2-vi-1968) NOT 4 (1968) 146-155.
79. De titulo Basilicae Minoris "Domus Dei" (6-vi-1968) AAS 60 (1968) 536-539. 
80. Pontificalis Romani recognitio  (18-vi-1968) AAS 60 (1968) 369-373; NOT 4 (1968) 209-213.
81. Pontificalia insignia  (21-vi-1968) AAS 60 (1968) 374-377; NOT 4 (1968) 224-226.
82. Pontificales ritus  (21-vi-1968) AAS 60 (1968) 406-412; NOT 4 (1968) 246-252.
83. Enchiridion indulgentiarum (29-vi-1968) AAS 60 (1968) 413-414.
84. Professio fidei (30-vi-1968) AAS 60 (1968) (433) 436-445.
85. Ritus pro collatione sacrorum Ordinum (15-viii-1968) Pontificale Romanum ex decreto Sacrosancti Oecumenici Concilii Vaticani II instauratum auctoritate Pauli Pp. VI promulgatum, De Ordinatione Diaconi, Presbyteri et Episcopi (Typis Polyglottis Vaticanis 1968).
86. Ad solemnia (12-ix-1968)  AAS 60 (1968) 602.
87. Allocutio Pauli VI ad Consilium  (14-x-1968) AAS 60 (1968) 732-737; NOT 4 (1968) 335-340.
88. De Precibus eucharisticis (6-xi-1968) NOT 4 (1968) 356.


89. De lnterpretatione textuum liturgicorum (25-i-1969) NOT 5 (1969) 3-12.
90. Mysterii paschalis  (14-ii-1969) AAS 61 (1969) 222-226; NOT 5 (1969) 159-162.
91. Ordo celebrandi Matrimonium (19-iii-1969)  Rituale Romanum ex decreto Sacrosancti Oecumenici Concilii Vaticani II instauratum auctoritate Pauli Pp. VI promulgatum, Ordo celebrandi Matrimonium. (Typis Polyglottis Vaticanis 1969).
92. Calendarium Romanum (21-iii-1969) NOT 5 (1969) 163-164.  Calendarium Romanum ex decreto Sacrosancti Oecumenici Concilii Vaticani II instauratum auctoritate Pauli Pp. VI promulgatum. (Typis Polyglottis Vaticanis 1969).
93. Ut sive sollicite (31-iii-1969) AAS 61 (1969) 334-340.
94. Missale Romanum (3-vi-1969) AAS 61 (1969) 217-222; NOT 5 (1969) 142-146.
95. Ordo Missae (6-iv-1969) NOT 5 (1969) 147  Missale Romanum ex decreto Sacrosancti Oecumenici Concilii Vaticani II instauratum auctoritate Pauli Pp. VI promulgatum, Ordo Missae, (Typis Polyglottis Vaticanis 1969).
96. Directorium pastorale quoad Turismum (30-iv-1969) AAS 61 (1969) 360-384. 
97. Sacra Rituum Congregatio (8-v-1969) AAS 61 (1969) 297-305; NOT 5 (1969) 129-133.
98. Ordo Baptisimi parvulorum (15-v-1969) AAS 61 (1969) 548; NOT 5 (1969) 221.
Rituale Romanum ex decreto Sacrosancti Oecumenici Concilii Vaticani II instauratum auctoritate Pauli Pp. VI promulgatum, Ordo Baptismi parvulorum. (Typis Polyglottis Vaticanis 1969).
99. Actio pastoralis "de Missis pro coetibus particularibus" (15-v-1969) AAS 61 (1969) 806-811; NOT 6 (1970) 50-55.
100. Ordo lectionum Missae (25-v-1969) AAS 61 (1969) 548-549; NOT 5 (1969) 237.
Missale Romanum ex decreto Sacrosancti Oecumenici Concilii Vaticani II instauratum auctoritate Pauli Pp. VI promulgatum, Ordo lectionum Missae, (Typis Polyglottis Vaticanis 1969).
101. Memoriale Domini (29-v-1969) AAS 61 (1969) 541-545; NOT 5 (1969) 347-351.
102. De calendariis particularibus (29-vi-1969) NOT 5 (1969) 283.
103. De Ordine Baptismi parvulorum (10-vi-1969) AAS 61 (1969) 549-550; NOT 5 (1969) 222.
104. De Ordine lectionum Missae (25-vi-1969) NOT 5 (1969) 238-239.
105. Ordo exsequiarum (15-viii-1969) NOT 5 (1969) 423-424.  Rituale Romanum ex decreto Sacrosancti Oecumenici Concilii Vaticani II instauratum auctoritate Pauli Pp. VI promulgatum, Ordo exsequiarum, (Typis Polyglottis Vaticanis 1969).
106. Venite seorsum (15-viii-1969) AAS 61 (1969) 674-690.
107. De cura pastorali migratorum (22-viii-1969) AAS 61 (1969) 614-643.
108. De lnterpretatione textuum liturgicorum (15-ix-1969) NOT 5 (1969) 333-334.
109. Recurrens mensis October  (7-x-1969) AAS 61 (1969) 649-654.
110. De Constitutione Apostolica Missale Romanum (20-x-1969) AAS 61 (1969) 749-753; NOT 5 (1969) 418-423.
111. De institutione et formatione cleri (4-xi-1969) AAS 62 (1970) 123-124.
112. Appendix Missalis Romani (10-xi-1969) NOT 5 (1969) 442.
113. Allocutio Pauli VI de Ordine Missae (19-xi-1969) AAS 61 (1969) 777-780; NOT 5 (1969) 409-412.


114. Ratio fundamentalis institutionis sacerdotalis (6-i-1970) AAS 62 (1970) 321-384.
115. De celebrationibus eucharisticis communibus (7-i-1970) AAS 62 (1970) 184-188; NOT 6 (1970) 90-95.
116. Ordo professionis religiosae (2-ii-1970) AAS 62 (1970) 553; NOT 6 (1970) 113.
Rituale Romanum ex decreto Sacrosancti Oecumenici Concilii Vaticani II instauratum auctoritate Pauli Pp. VI promulgatum, Ordo professionis religiosae, (Typis Polyglottis Vaticanis 1969).
117. De unica interpretatione textuum liturgicorum  (6-ii-1970) NOT 6 (1970) 84-85.
118. De editione librorum liturgicorum  (25-ii-1970) EDIL 119
119. De renovatione pronissionum sacerdotalium (6-iii-1970) NOT 6 (1970) 87-89. 
120. Missale Romanum (26-iii-1970) AAS 62 (1970) 554; NOT 6 (1970) 169.
Missale Romanum ex decreto Sacrosancti Oecumenici Concilii Vaticani II instauratum auctoritate Pauli Pp. VI promulgatum, (Typis Polyglottis Vaticanis 1970).
121. Matrimonia mixta  (31-iii-1970) AAS 62 (1970) 257-263.
122. Allocutio Pauli VI ad Consilium  (10-iv-1970) AAS 62 (1970) 272-274; NOT 6 (1970) 222-224.
123. Directorium oecumenicum II (16-iv-1970) AAS 62 (1970) 705-724.
124. Declaratio communis Pauli VI et Vasken I (12-v-1970) AAS 62 (1970) 416-417.
125. De editione librorum liturgicorum  (15-v-1970) NOT 6 (1970) 153.
126. Ordo consecrationis virginum (31-v-1970) AAS 62 (1970) 650; NOT 6 (1970) 313, 314-316.  Pontificale Romanum ex decreto Sacrosancti Oecumenici Concilii Vaticani II instauratum auctoritate Pauli Pp. VI promulgatum, Ordo consecrationis virginum. (Typis Polyglottis Vaticanis 1970).
127. Calendaria particularia (24-vi-1970) AAS 62 (1970) 651-663; NOT 6 (1970) 349-370.
128. Sacramentali Communione (29-vi-1970) AAS 62 (1970) 664-666; NOT 6 (1970) 322-324.
129. De Ordine professionis religiosae (15-vii-1970) NOT 6 (1970) 317-318, 318-322.
130. De applicatione Missarum pro populo (25-vii-1970) AAS 63 (1971) 943-944.
131. Liturgicae instaurationes (5-ix-1970) AAS 62 (1970) 692-704; NOT 6 (1970) 10-26.
132. Lectionarium Missalis Romani "Ordine lectionum" (30-ix-1970)
AAS 63 (1971) 710.  Missale Romanum ex decreto Sacrosancti Oecumenici Concilii Vaticani II instauratum auctoritate Pauli Pp. VI promulgatum, Lectionarium 3 vol. (Typis Polyglottis Vaticanis 1970-1972).
133. Missale parvum (18-x-1970)  Missale parvum e Missali Romano et Lectionario excerptum, (Typis Polyglottis Vaticanis 1970).
134. De vestibus choralibus (30-x-1970) AAS 63 (1971) 314-315; NOT 6 (1970) 36-37.
135. Laudis canticum (1-xi-1970) AAS 63 (1971) 527-535; NOT 7 (1971) 146-152.
136. Ordo benedictionis Abbatis et Abbatissae (9-xi-1970) AAS 63 (1971) 710-711; NOT 7 (1971) 32.  Pontificale Romanum ex decreto Sacrosancti Oecumenici Concilii Vaticani II instauratum auctoritate Pauli Pp. VI promulgatum, Ordo benedictionis Abbatis et Abbatissae (Typis Polyglottis Vaticanis 1970).
137. Ordo benedicendi olea et conficiendi chrisma (3-xii-1970)  Pontificale Romanum ex decreto Sacrosancti Oecumenici Concilii Vaticani II instauratum auctoritate Pauli Pp. VI promulgatum, Ordo benedicendi oleum catechumenorum et infirmorum et conficiendi chrisma  (Typis Polyglottis Vaticanis 1971).
138. De sacramento Paenitentiae (8-xii-1970) AAS 63 (1971) 318-319.


139. De restitutione Ordinatorum ad statum laicalem (13-i-1971) AAS 63 (1971) 303-308.
140. Institutio generalis de Liturgia Horarum (2-ii-1971)  Officium divinum ex decreto Sacrosancti Oecumenici Concilii Vaticani II instauratum auctoritate Pauli Pp. VI promulgatum, Institutio generalis de Liturgia Horarum (Typis Polyglottis Vaticanis 1971).
141. Liturgia Horarum (11-iv-1971) AAS 63 (1971) 712; NOT (1971) 145. 
Officium divinum ex decreto Sacrosancti Oecumenici Concilii Vaticani II instauratum auctoritate Pauli Pp. VI promulgatum, Liturgia Horarum iuxta ritum Romanum,  4 vol. (Typis Polyglottis Vaticanis 1971-1972).
142. De partimonio historico-artistico (11-iv-1971) AAS 63 (1971) 315-317; NOT 8 (1972) 4-7.
143. Directorium catechisticum generale (11-iv-1971) AAS 64 (1972) 97-176.
144. Communio et progressio (23-v-1971) AAS 63 (1971) 593-656.
145. De Missali Romano, Liturgia Horarum et Calendario (14-vi-1971) AAS 63 (1971) 712-715; NOT 7 (1971) 215-217.
146. Evangelica testificatio (29-vi-1971) AAS 63 (1971) 497-526.
147. Divinae consortium naturae  (15-viii-1971) AAS 63 (1971) 657-664; NOT 7 (1971) 852-855.
148. Ordo confirmationis (22-viii-1971) AAS 64 (1972) 77; NOT 7 (1971) 332, 340-346.
Pontificale Romanum ex decreto Sacrosancti Oecumenici Concilii Vaticani II instauratum auctoritate Pauli Pp. VI promulgatum, Ordo confirmationis (Typis Polyglottis Vaticanis 1971).
149. Declaratio communis Paul VI et Mar Ignatii Iacobi III (27-x-1971) AAS 63 (1971) 814-815.
150. De textibus "ad interim" adhibendis (11-xi-1971) NOT 7 (1971) 379-383.
152. De applicatione Missarum (29-xi-1971) AAS 63 (1971) 841.
153. De sacerdotio ministeriali (30-xi-1971) AAS 63 (1971) 898-992.


154. Ordo Initiationis christianae adultorum (6-i-1972) AAS 64 (1972) 252; NOT 8 (1972) 68, 69-86. Rituale Romanum ex decreto Sacrosancti Oecumenici Concilii Vaticani II instauratum auctoritate Pauli Pp. VI promulgatum, Ordo Initiationis christianae adultorum (Typis Polyglottis Vaticanis 1972).
155. De fragmentis eucharisticis (2-v-1972) NOT 8 (1972) 227.
156. De admissione ad Communionem eucharisticam (1-vi-1972) AAS 64 (1972) 518-525; NOT 8 (1972) 270-277.
157. Sacramentum Paenitentiae (16-vi-1972) AAS 64 (1972) 510-514; NOT 8 (1972) 312-317.
158. Ordo cantus Missae (24-vi-1972) AAS 65 (1973) 274; NOT 8 (1972) 215, 216-220.
Missale Romanum ex decreto Sacrosancti Oecumenici Concilii Vaticani II instauratum auctoritate Pauli Pp. VI promulgatum, Ordo cantus Missae  (Typis Polyglottis Vaticanis 1972).
159. Facultates religiosis orientalibus concessae (27-vi-1972) AAS 64 (1972) 738-743.
160. De Liturgia Horarum (6-viii-1972) NOT 8 (1972) 254-258.
161. De concelebratione (7-viii-1972) AAS 64 (1972) 561-563; NOT 8 (1972) 327-329.
162. Ministeria quaedam  (15-viii-1972) AAS 64 (1972) 529-534; NOT 9 (1973) 4-8.
163. Ad pascendum (15-viii-1972) AAS 64 (1972) 534-540; NOT 9 (1973) 9-16.
164. De nomine Episcopi in Prece eucharistica (9-x-1972) AAS 64 (1972) 692-694; NOT 8 (1972) 347-349.
165. Sacram Unctionem infirmorum  (30-xi-1972) AAS 65 (1973) 5-9; NOT 9 (1973) 3-6.
166. Ritus pro collatione ministeriorum (3-xii-1972) AAS 65 (1973) 274-275; NOT 9 (1973) 17.
167. Ordo Unctionis infirmorum  (7-xii-1972) AAS 65 (1973) 275-276; NOT 9 (1973) 51, 56-65.
Rituale Romanum ex decreto Sacrosancti Oecumenici Concilii Vaticani II instauratum auctoritate Pauli Pp. VI promulgatum, Ordo Unctionis infirmorum eorumque pastoralis curae (Typis Polyglottis Vaticanis 1972).

168. Immensae caritatis (29-i-1973) AAS 65 (1973) 264-271; NOT 9 (1973) 157-164.
169. Directorium de pastorali ministerio Episcoporum (Typis Polyglottis Vaticanis 1973) (22-ii-1973)
170. De Patronis constituendis "Patronus, liturgica acceptione" (19-iii-1973) AAS 65 (1973) 276-279; NOT 9 (1973) 263-266.
171. De sacramento paenitentiae (23-iii-1973) AAS 65 (1973) 678.
172. De Coronatione Imaginis B. Mariae Virginis (25-iii-1973) AAS 65 (1973) 280-281; NOT 9 (1973) 266-267.
173. Eucharistiae participationem (27-iv-1973) AAS 65 (1973) 340-347; NOT 9 (1973) 193-201.
174. Declaratio communis Pauli VI et Shenouda III (10-v-1973) AAS 65 (1973) 299-301.
175. De sacramento paenitentiae (24-v-1973) AAS 65 (1973) 410.
176. De SS. Eucharistia (21-vi-1973) AAS 65 (1973) 610; NOT 9 (1973) 306-307, 308-324.
Rituale Romanum ex decreto Sacrosancti Oecumenici Concilii Vaticani II instauratum auctoritate Pauli Pp. VI promulgatum, De sacra communione et de cultu mysterii eucharistici extra Missam (Typis Polyglottis Vaticanis 1973). (1974)
177. De sepultura ecclesiastica (20-ix-1973) AAS 65 (1973) 500. 
178. De interpretatione textuum liturgicorum  (25-x-1973) AAS 66 (1974) 98-99; NOT 10 (1974) 37-38.
179. Directorium de Missis cum pueris "Pueros baptizatos" (1-xi-1973) AAS 66 (1974) 30-46; NOT 10 (1974) 5-21.
180. Ordo Paenitentiae  (2-xii-1973) AAS 66 (1974) 172-173; NOT 10 (1974) 42-43, 44-62.
Rituale Romanum ex decreto Sacrosancti Oecumenici Concilii Vaticani II instauratum auctoritate Pauli Pp. VI promulgatum, Ordo Paenitentiae (Typis Polyglottis Vaticanis 1974); 2 (1974)


181. Missale Romanum ex decreto Sacrosancti Oecumenici Concilii Vaticani II instauratum auctoritate Pauli Pp. VI promulgatum, Ordo lectionum Missae, (Typis Polyglottis Vaticanis 1974).
182. Missale parvum ad usum sacerdotis itinerantis, (Typis Polyglottis Vaticanis 1974).
183. Marialis cultus (2-ii-1974) AAS 66 (1974) 113-168; NOT 10 (1974) 153-197.
184. Apostolorum limina (23-v-1974) AAS 66 (1974) 289-307.
185. Firma in traditione (13-vi-1974) AAS 66 (1974) 308-311.
186. Postquam de Precibus (1-xi-1974) NOT 11 (1975) 4-6.
187. Preces Eucharisticae pro Missis cum pueris et de reconsicilatione (1-xi-1974)  NOT 11 (1975) 7-12.
188. Cantus faciliores (22-xi-1974) NOT 11 (1975) 292.
189. Graduale simplex (editio typica 2a) (Typis Polyglottis Vaticanis 1975). (22-xi-1974).


190. Cum proximae celebrationes (20-i-1975) D172
191. Passim quaeritur (v-1975) NOT 11 (1975) 129-132.
192. Constans nobis (11-vii-1975) AAS 67 (1975) 417-420; NOT 11 (1975) 209-211.
193. Domenica prossima (29-x-1975) NOT 11 (1975) 349.
194. Evangelii nuntiandi (8-xii-1975) AAS 68 (1976) 5-76.


195. "Memoriale Domini" (17-iii-1976) (Prot. N. CD 355/76).
196. Decem iam annos (5-vi-1975) NOT 12 (1976) 300-302.
197. "To our venerable" 6-vi-1976) AAS 68 (1976) 406-415.
198. Eventus religiosus (7-vii-1976) AAS 68 (1976) 454-456.
199. Message to the Eucharistic Congress at Philadelphia (8-viii-1976) AAS 68 (1976) 561-562.


200. Opus Dei, Thesaurus Liturgiae Horarum Monasticae OSB
NOT 13 (1977) 157-158.
201. Ordo dedicationis ecclesiae et altaris (29-v-1977) D547
NOT 13 (1977) 364-365.  Pontificale Romanum ex decreto Sacrosancti Oecumenici Concilii Vaticani II instauratum auctoritate Pauli Pp. VI promulgatum, Ordo dedicationis ecclesiae et altaris (Typis Polyglottis Vaticanis 1977).
202. Piscariensium civitas (4-viii-1977) AAS 69 (1977) 565-567; NOT 13 (1977) 357-359.
203. Sacrum hoc Dicasterium (10-xii-1977) NOT 13 (1977) 555-556.
204. Calendaria et Propria (xii-1977)  NOT 13 (1977) 557-558.


205. Inter eximia episcopalis (11-v-1978 AAS 70 (1978) 441-442; NOT 14 (1978) 319-320.


Motu Proprio
2, 6, 49, 56, 70, 81, 90, 107, 121, 162, 163, 185, 205.
Apostolic Constitution
51, 60, 73, 80, 97, 110, 135, 147, 165, 192.
Apostolic Exhortation
5, 66, 109, 146, 183, 194.

The following selection of discourses given at the General Audiences have a particular reference to the Liturgy.

(13-i-1965) OR 14 gen 1965; (17-iii-1965) OR 18 marzo 1965 (6-iv-1966) in NOT 2 (1966) 122-123; (28-ii-1968) in NOT 4 (1968) 89-90; (13-viii-1969) in NOT 5 (1969) 337-339; (20-viii-1969) in NOT 5 (1969) 339-342; (3-ix-1969) in NOT 5 (1969) 342-345; (19-xi-1969) in NOT 5 (1969) 409-412; (26-xi-1969) in NOT 5 (1969) 412-416; (22-iv-1970) in NOT 6 (1970) 157-160; (2-vi-1970) in NOT 6 (1970) 233-235; (7-vi-1971) in NOT 7 (1971) 244-246; (3-xi-1971) in NOT 7 (1971) 377-378; (19-vii-1972) in NOT 8 (1972) 305-307; (22-viii-1973) in NOT 9 (1973) 297-300; (3-iv-1974) in NOT 10 (1974) 225-227; (5-iii-1975) in OR 6 marzo 1975; (12-iii-1975) in OR 13 marzo 1975;  (26-iii-1975) in OR 27 marzo 1975; (5-viii-1975) in NOT 11 (1975) 217-219; (23-iii-1977) in NOT 13 (1975) 149-150; (8-ii-1978) in NOT 14 (1978) 62-64.

The reader's attention is drawn to the collection Insegnamenti di Paolo VI Discorsi, Omelie, Esortazioni, lettere, Messagi del Sommo Pontifice Paolo VI (Libreria Editrice Vatican), for a more complete documentation.